What is Qadr (Pre-Destiny)? Are we mere puppets?
  • Question:

    What is Qadr? I have read that it is Allah’s decree/pre-destiny, knowledge which is only with Allah If so, some people I have discussed this with have said that we, humans are therefore merely 'puppets' and that whether/how we choose to exercise our free will, we are not able to escape from any good or calamity which befalls us. Hence the outcome of where our final destination is has already been determined however we choose to live our lives.

    Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh

    Thank you for your question.

    Destiny is a difficult topic for many to understand and also explain.

    We should realize that Almighty Allah is the One in control over all things. However He has given some power of choice and control to the human. As humans, we will be questioned and accountable to Almighty Allah for those things that are within our power of choice (such as how we use our time, wealth and resources). As for those matters that are beyond our control, we will not be answerable to Allah (such as weather, earthquakes etc.).

    That being said, it should be noted that we are either rewarded or punished for our choices. It is inappropriate to believe humans are puppets, since Allah has granted us will power.

    Yes, it should also certainly be understood that Allah being the All-Knowing knows exactly how one will use their power of choice.

    And Allah knows best.

    Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Badat
    Hadith of the Day Imam
    Imam of the Islamic Foundation of Toronto and Director of Mathabah Institute
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